Electronic waste is also short for electronic waste. This is, electronic waste produced from surplus, old, and broken electronic devices. In addition to this, you may also hear individuals refer to it as e-wastage. Generally, these electronic devices tend to contain harmful chemicals and other hazardous materials. And oftentimes, where you don’t dispose of these electronic devices properly, it can result in the release of harmful substances into the environment
Electronic waste, which may be any kind of waste, can be classified in a number of ways. Among these, the most recognized are solid wastes, liquid wastes, gaseous wastes and hazardous wastes. Let us first look at each of them. Then, we shall look at how they are disposed of.
Liquid Waste – This is usually a byproduct of electronic processes. The liquid waste consists mainly of saltwater and vaporized petroleum gas. It can contain any number of hazardous chemical substances. For example, if you find e-waste in an automobile that has been drained of its fuel, there is a great possibility that there are toxic solvents in the fuel that can pollute the air, soil and water. Thus, liquid wastes can be categorized as solid and non-solid waste.
Solid Waste – This type of waste is generally left in the environment when electronic products such as batteries and cell phones deteriorate. You should take care not to spill these waste materials on the ground. However, there are some instances when such waste is helpful in recycling. For instance, used cell phones can be reused in place of buying new ones and used batteries can be re-used in place of buying new ones. When these electronic products get disposed in an environmentally friendly manner, they can be called’re-usable’.
There are a lot of companies offering e-waste management services. They come up with various ways of recycling e-wastes. Some companies offer their customers the services of consolidating all their electronic pollution into one convenient place. Other companies also offer the services of de-cluttering, which involves segregating e-wastes from regular waste and using them in producing different kinds of electronic products. Finally, other companies can help the users to dispose of their waste in a more convenient way by providing them with customized options.
The problem of electronic waste is very important. It causes grave harm to the environment because they take thousands of years to decompose. Electronic waste is one of the leading causes of global warming. Moreover, the excessive use of such waste and the disposal procedures that are used in the country do not make available the affordable and reliable options for its proper disposal. It is because of all these reasons that government as well as non-government organizations have stepped forward to find an effective way of recycling and re-using electronic products.
Recycling programs for electronics help reduce the amount of precious metals like iron, lead, and mercury that is found in the waste generated by electronic waste processing. These programs not only help the producers of electronic products to reduce their costs but also provide good employment opportunities to unemployed people in the regions where there is a dearth of available jobs. Apart from landfills and recycling programs, another option of getting rid of unwanted or unused electronic waste is to sell them to genuine recyclers who deal with valuable metals.
However, one should note that not all these e-wastage products can be recycled. Only those in which there is a real possibility of their being reused can be recycled. Therefore, one should keep a lookout for these e-wastes as well as for genuine recyclable waste collection companies. The e-wastes like printed circuit boards, computer chips, digital cameras, and cell phones are the most common e-wastes. The recycling of such waste can be done through the accredited environmental companies who deal with the said waste. These certified companies can help you dispose of the waste properly and also advise you on how to avoid the use of such waste in the future.